The surgical pathologist establishes the diagnosis of adenomatous versus hyperplastic polyp by microscopic examination of a biopsy specimen. This information is essential in determining if further treatment is necessary and, if so, what kind will be most successful.
Treatment Options for Hyperplastic Polyps:
Follow-up colonoscopies – Additional colonoscopies, over time, will be necessary to monitor your condition and check on the possible development of new polyps. It is essential that you periodically monitor your condition in order to reduce your risk of cancer.
Measures You Can Take to Prevent Colorectal Cancer:
- Monitor your bowel habits and consult your physician if you experience any of the following:
- Changes in routine bowel movements
- Abdominal cramps
- Unexplained weight loss (>10%)
- Blood in your stool
- Maintain a high-fiber diet that is low in fat and calories; consult your physician for proper diet and nutrition information.
- Consult your physician as to the advisability of your taking nonsteroidal, anti-inflammatory drugs and/or dietary supplements, e.g., calcium, to reduce your risk of developing polyps.
Important Questions to Ask Your Doctor:
- Does my polyp put me at increased risk for colorectal cancer?
- What can I do to take care of myself during and after treatment?
- To whom may I turn for nutritional and dietary information?
- Are there any other measures I can take to reduce my risk of acquiring future polyps?
This Patient Diagnostic Fact Sheet is provided to you as a service by AmeriPath. It is intended for patient education and information only. It does not constitute advice nor should it be taken to suggest or replace professional medical care from your physician. Your treatment options may vary, depending upon your medical history and current condition. Only your physician and you can determine your best treatment option.